Insurance coverage for automobiles is typically split into 3 main components, and these are liability coverage, comprehensive coverage and collision coverage. To get the right insurance policy for you and your automobile, you need to understand each of these fully, and here they are in a little more detail, along with additional coverage options that can be added to most standard policies:
If you cause damage to someone else or their property while behind the wheel, then this policy will protect you financially. It’s generally split in to separate provisions, such as property damage liability and personal liability. Simply put, liability coverage means that your insurance company will pay to replace any damaged property, pay to make repairs to someone’s car or replace it if you’ve damaged it, or pay medical costs or loss of earnings to the victim of an
accident that you caused.
This coverage also protects you if someone else decides to sue you and will cover the cost of legal bills or lawsuit settlements up to the limits of your coverage.
If your vehicle has been damaged by vandalism, fire, flood, a natural disaster or by anything that wasn’t incurred as the result of an accident, then this type of coverage will pay the repair costs. If your car is stolen, then this coverage will pay to replace it.
If you’ve caused an accident or had a collision while in your vehicle, then collision coverage will pay to replace it. If you don’t have collision coverage as part of your policy, then your liability coverage will only pay for the victims of the accident damages and will not help with the cost of replacing your vehicle.
This type of coverage can of course send the cost of your policy skyward, so it should only be purchased if you know that your car is worth enough to you to make paying the added premiums worthwhile.
Uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage:
If you’re injured or your vehicle is damaged by someone who doesn’t have enough insurance to cover the associated costs, then this policy will protect you. It can also offer you financial protection should you be unfortunate enough to be the victim of a hit-and-run incident.
Personal injury protection:
If you’re involved in an accident in your automobile, then this provision will cover the cost of any ensuing medical bills that you, passengers or others in your family incurred as a result. If you already have medical insurance, then you may not need to add this provision to your policy.
Most insurance providers also give other provisions that may be added to standard policies, such as if you want rental car coverage, roadside assistance or towing coverage. To help you understand and evaluate which type of coverage you need, speak to an insurance professional about the various options available to you.